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Introduction - Denmark:
Location - Denmark:
People - Denmark:
Government - Denmark:
Economy - Denmark:

Economy overview

The Danish economy has in recent years undergone strong expansion fueled primarily by private consumption growth, but also supported by exports and investments. This thoroughly modern market economy features high-tech agriculture, up-to-date small-scale and corporate industry, extensive government welfare measures, comfortable living standards, a stable currency, and high dependence on foreign trade. Unemployment is low and capacity constraints are limiting growth potential. Denmark is a net exporter of food and energy and enjoys a comfortable balance of payments surplus. Government objectives include streamlining the bureaucracy and further privatization of state assets. The government has been successful in meeting, and even exceeding, the economic convergence criteria for participating in the third phase (a common European currency) of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), but Denmark has decided not to join 12 other EU members in the euro. Nonetheless, the Danish krone remains pegged to the euro. Economic growth gained momentum in 2004 and the upturn continued through 2006. The controversy over caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad printed in a Danish newspaper in September 2005 led to boycotts of some Danish exports to the Muslim world, especially exports of dairy products, but the boycotts did not have a significant impact on the overall Danish economy. Because of high GDP per capita, welfare benefits, a low Gini index, and political stability, the Danish living standards are among the highest in the world. A major long-term issue will be the sharp decline in the ratio of workers to retirees.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$201.5 billion (2006 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$257.3 billion (2006 est.)

Gdp real growth rate

3.2% (2006 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp

$37,000 (2006 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 1.4%
industry: 24.6%
services: 74% (2006 est.)

Labor force

2.91 million (2006 est.)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture: 3%
industry: 21%
services: 76% (2004 est.)

Unemployment rate

3.8% (2006 est.)

Population below poverty line


Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: 2%
highest 10%: 24% (2000 est.)

Distribution of family income gini index

23.2 (2002)

Inflation rate consumer prices

1.8% (2006 est.)

Investment gross fixed

22.2% of GDP (2006 est.)


revenues: $147 billion
expenditures: $138.9 billion; including capital expenditures of $4.6 billion (2006 est.)

Public debt

28.1% of GDP (2006 est.)

Agriculture products

barley, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets; pork, dairy products; fish


iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment

Industrial production growth rate

2.5% (2006 est.)

Electricity production

43.35 billion kWh (2006)

Electricity consumption

36.41 billion kWh (2006)

Electricity exports

13.72 billion kWh (2006)

Electricity imports

6.77 billion kWh (2006)

Oil production

342,000 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil consumption

171,000 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil exports

320,000 bbl/day (2006)

Oil imports

164,000 bbl/day (2006 est.)

Oil proved reserves

1.32 billion bbl (1 January 2005 est.)

Natural gas production

9.87 billion cu m (2006 est.)

Natural gas consumption

4.824 billion cu m (2006 est.)

Natural gas exports

4.964 billion cu m (2006 est.)

Natural gas imports

0 cu m (2006 est.)

Natural gas proved reserves

99.99 billion cu m (2006 est.)

Current account balance

$4.941 billion (2006 est.)


$93.93 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Exports commodities

machinery and instruments, meat and meat products, dairy products, fish, pharmaceuticals, furniture, windmills

Exports partners

Germany 17.4%, Sweden 14.2%, UK 8.9%, US 6.2%, Norway 5.4%, Netherlands 5.1%, France 4.9% (2006)


$89.32 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)

Imports commodities

machinery and equipment, raw materials and semimanufactures for industry, chemicals, grain and foodstuffs, consumer goods

Imports partners

Germany 21.3%, Sweden 14.2%, Norway 6.5%, Netherlands 6.2%, UK 5.6%, China 5%, France 4.4% (2006)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$30.38 billion (August 2006 est.)

Economic aid donor

ODA, $2.13 billion (2005)

Debt external

$405 billion (30 June 2006)

Currency code

Danish krone (DKK)

Exchange rates

Danish kroner per US dollar - 5.9468 (2006), 5.9969 (2005), 5.9911 (2004), 6.5877 (2003), 7.8947 (2002)

Communications - Denmark:
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Military - Denmark:
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>

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