Saint Pierre and Miquelon

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Introduction - Saint Pierre and Miquelon:
CountrySaint Pierre and Miquelon
BackgroundFirst settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of Frances once vast North American possessions.
Location - Saint Pierre and Miquelon:
LocationNorthern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)
Geographic coordinates46 50 N, 56 20 W
Map referencesNorth America
Areatotal: 242 sq km
land: 242 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
Area comparative1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline120 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatecold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy
Terrainmostly barren rock
Elevation extremeslowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m
Natural resourcesfish, deepwater ports
Land usearable land: 12.5%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 87.5% (2005)
Irrigated landNA
Natural hazardspersistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
Environment current issuesrecent test drilling for oil in waters around Saint Pierre and Miquelon may bring future development that would impact the environment
Geography notevegetation scanty
People - Saint Pierre and Miquelon:
Population7,036 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 23% (male 827/female 790)
15-64 years: 65.9% (male 2,352/female 2,288)
65 years and over: 11.1% (male 359/female 420) (2007 est.)
Dependency statusself-governing territorial overseas collectivity of France
Median agetotal: 34.6 years
male: 34.1 years
female: 35 years (2007 est.)
Population growth rate0.128% (2007 est.)
Birth rate13.08 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate6.82 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Net migration rate-4.97 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.047 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.028 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.855 male(s)/female
total population: 1.011 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.21 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.26 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.76 years
male: 76.41 years
female: 81.23 years (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate2 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Hiv aids adult prevalence rateNA
Hiv aids people living with hiv aidsNA
Hiv aids deathsNA
Nationalitynoun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman(women)
adjective: French
Ethnic groupsBasques and Bretons (French fishermen)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 99%, other 1%
LanguagesFrench (official)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (1982 est.)
Government - Saint Pierre and Miquelon:
Country nameconventional long form: Territorial Collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon
conventional short form: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
local long form: Departement de Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
local short form: Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
Government typeNA
Capitalname: Saint-Pierre
geographic coordinates: 46 46 N, 56 11 W
time difference: UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
Administrative divisionsnone (territorial overseas collectivity of France); note - there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are two communes - Saint Pierre, Miquelon at the second order
Independencenone (territorial collectivity of France; has been under French control since 1763)
National holidayBastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution4 October 1958 (French Constitution)
Legal systemthe laws of France, where applicable, apply
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Executive branchchief of state: President Nicolas SARKOZY (since 16 May 2007); represented by Prefect Yves FAUQUEUR (since 28 August 2006)
head of government: President of the General Council Marc PLANTAGENEST (since NA)
cabinet: NA
elections: French president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 April 2002 (first round) and 5 May 2002 (second round) (next to be held in 2007); prefect appointed by the French president on the advice of the French Ministry of Interior; president of the General Council is elected by the members of the council
Legislative branchunicameral General Council or Conseil General (19 seats, 15 from Saint Pierre and four from Miquelon; members are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms)
elections: elections last held 19 and 26 in March 2006 (next to be held in March 2012)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - AD 16, Cap sur lAvenir 2, SPM Ensemble 1
note: Saint Pierre and Miquelon elect one seat to the French Senate; elections last held 26 September 2004 (next to be held in September 2013); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UMP 1; Saint Pierre and Miquelon also elects one seat to the French National Assembly; elections last held, first round - 9 June 2002, second round - 16 June 2002 (next to be held in 2007); results - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - UDF 1
Judicial branchSuperior Tribunal of Appeals or Tribunal Superieur dAppel
Political parties and leadersArchipelago Tomorrow or AD affiliated with UDF/RPR list; Cap sur lAvenir affiliated with PRG; Left Radical Party or PRG; Rassemblement pour la Republique or RPR (now UMP); Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2000/Avenir Miquelon or SPM 2000/AM; Socialist Party or PS; Union pour la Democratie Francaise or UDF
Political pressure groups and leadersNA
International organization participationUPU, WFTU
Diplomatic representation in the usnone (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Diplomatic representation from the usnone (territorial overseas collectivity of France)
Flag descriptiona yellow sailing ship facing the hoist side rides on a dark blue background with yellow wavy lines under the ship; on the hoist side, a vertical band is divided into three parts: the top part (called ikkurina) is red with a green diagonal cross extending to the corners overlaid by a white cross dividing the rectangle into four sections; the middle part has a white background with an ermine pattern; the third part has a red background with two stylized yellow lions outlined in black, one above the other; these three heraldic arms represent settlement by colonists from the Basque Country (top), Brittany, and Normandy; the flag of France is used for official occasions
Economy - Saint Pierre and Miquelon:
Economy overviewThe inhabitants have traditionally earned their livelihood by fishing and by servicing fishing fleets operating off the coast of Newfoundland. The economy has been declining, however, because of disputes with Canada over fishing quotas and a steady decline in the number of ships stopping at Saint Pierre. In 1992, an arbitration panel awarded the islands an exclusive economic zone of 12,348 sq km to settle a longstanding territorial dispute with Canada, although it represents only 25% of what France had sought. France heavily subsidizes the islands to the great betterment of living standards. The government hopes an expansion of tourism will boost economic prospects. Fish farming, crab fishing, and agriculture are being developed to diversify the local economy. Recent test drilling for oil may pave the way for development of the energy sector.
Gdp purchasing power parity $48.3 million
note: supplemented by annual payments from France of about $60 million (2003 est.)
Gdp official exchange rate NA
Gdp real growth rateNA%
Gdp per capita ppp $7,000 (2001 est.)
Gdp composition by sectoragriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Labor force3,450 (2005)
Labor force by occupationagriculture: 18%
industry: 41%
services: 41% (1996 est.)
Unemployment rate10.3% (1999)
Population below poverty lineNA%
Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate consumer prices 8.1% (2005)
Budgetrevenues: $70 million
expenditures: $60 million; including capital expenditures of $24 million (1996 est.)
Agriculture productsvegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish
Industriesfish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
Industrial production growth rateNA%
Electricity production50 million kWh (2004)
Electricity consumption46.5 million kWh (2004)
Electricity exports0 kWh (2004)
Electricity imports0 kWh (2004)
Oil production0 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil consumption500 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil exportsNA bbl/day
Oil importsNA bbl/day
Oil proved reserves0 bbl
Natural gas production0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas consumption0 cu m (2004 est.)
Exports$5.5 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Exports commoditiesfish and fish products, soybeans, animal feed, mollusks and crustaceans, fox and mink pelts
Exports partnersSpain 33.6%, Belgium 21.8%, India 18.3%, France 9.4%, US 7.5% (2006)
Imports$68.2 million f.o.b. (2005 est.)
Imports commoditiesmeat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials
Imports partnersFrance 51.3%, Canada 31.8%, Belgium 4.1% (2006)
Debt external$NA
Economic aid recipientapproximately $60 million in annual grants from France
Currency code euro (EUR)
Exchange rateseuros per US dollar - 0.7964 (2006), 0.8041 (2005), 0.8054 (2004), 0.886 (2003), 1.0626 (2002)
Communications - Saint Pierre and Miquelon:
Fiscal yearcalendar year
Telephones main lines in use4,800 (2002)
Telephone systemgeneral assessment: adequate
domestic: NA
international: country code - 508; radiotelephone communication with most countries in the world; satellite earth station - 1 in French domestic satellite system
Radio broadcast stationsAM 1, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
Television broadcast stations0 (2 repeaters rebroadcast programs from France, Canada, and the US) (1997)
Internet country
Internet hosts0 (2006)
Internet usersNA
Transportation - Saint Pierre and Miquelon:
Airports2 (2006)
Airports with paved runwaystotal: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2006)
Ports and terminalsSaint-Pierre
Military - Saint Pierre and Miquelon:
Military notedefense is the responsibility of France
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
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