Saint Lucia

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Introduction - Saint Lucia:


Saint Lucia


The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Even after the abolition of slavery on its plantations in 1834, Saint Lucia remained an agricultural island, dedicated to producing tropical commodity crops. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.

Location - Saint Lucia:


Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates

13 53 N, 60 58 W

Map references

Central America and the Caribbean


total: 616 sq km
land: 606 sq km
water: 10 sq km

Area comparative

3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km


158 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin


tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August


volcanic and mountainous with some broad, fertile valleys

Elevation extremes

lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m

Natural resources

forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential

Land use

arable land: 6.45%
permanent crops: 22.58%
other: 70.97% (2005)

Irrigated land

30 sq km (2003)

Natural hazards

hurricanes and volcanic activity

Environment current issues

deforestation; soil erosion, particularly in the northern region

Environment international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography note

the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean

People - Saint Lucia:


170,649 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 29.4% (male 25,869/female 24,248)
15-64 years: 65.5% (male 55,115/female 56,641)
65 years and over: 5.1% (male 3,200/female 5,576) (2007 est.)

Median age

total: 25.6 years
male: 24.8 years
female: 26.5 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate

1.297% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

19.28 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate

5.03 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate

-1.28 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.067 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.973 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.574 male(s)/female
total population: 0.974 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality rate

total: 12.81 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.93 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.62 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 74.08 years
male: 70.53 years
female: 77.88 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

2.15 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rate


Hiv aids people living with hiv aids


Hiv aids deaths



noun: Saint Lucian(s)
adjective: Saint Lucian

Ethnic groups

black 82.5%, mixed 11.9%, East Indian 2.4%, other or unspecified 3.1% (2001 census)


Roman Catholic 67.5%, Seventh Day Adventist 8.5%, Pentecostal 5.7%, Rastafarian 2.1%, Anglican 2%, Evangelical 2%, other Christian 5.1%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.5% (2001 census)


English (official), French patois


definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 90.1%
male: 89.5%
female: 90.6% (2001 est.)

Government - Saint Lucia:

Country name

conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Saint Lucia

Government type

parliamentary democracy


name: Castries
geographic coordinates: 14 01 N, 61 00 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions

11 quarters; Anse-la-Raye, Castries, Choiseul, Dauphin, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Praslin, Soufriere, Vieux-Fort


22 February 1979 (from UK)

National holiday

Independence Day, 22 February (1979)


22 February 1979

Legal system

based on English common law


18 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dame Pearlette LOUISY (since September 1997)
head of government: Prime Minister Sir John COMPTON (since 15 December 2006); note - since 1 May 2007 Stephenson KING has been acting prime minister while Sir John COMPTON recovers from a series of strokes
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general

Legislative branch

bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; six members appointed on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and two after consultation with religious, economic, and social groups) and the House of Assembly (17 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: House of Assembly - last held 11 December 2006 (next to be held in December 2011)
election results: House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - UWP 50%, SLP 46.9%, other 3.1%; seats by party - UWP 11, SLP 6

Judicial branch

Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (jurisdiction extends to Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, the British Virgin Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)

Political parties and leaders

National Alliance or NA [George ODLUM]; Saint Lucia Freedom Party or SFP [Martinus FRANCOIS]; Saint Lucia Labor Party or SLP [Kenneth ANTHONY]; Sou Tout Apwe Fete Fini or STAFF [Christopher HUNTE]; United Workers Party or UWP [Sir John COMPTON]

Political pressure groups and leaders


International organization participation


Diplomatic representation in the us

chief of mission: Ambassador Sonia Merlyn JOHNNY
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 364-6792 through 6795
FAX: [1] (202) 364-6723
consulate(s) general: Miami, New York

Diplomatic representation from the us

the US does not have an embassy in Saint Lucia; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Lucia

Flag description

blue, with a gold isosceles triangle below a black arrowhead; the upper edges of the arrowhead have a white border

Economy - Saint Lucia:

Economy overview

Changes in the EU import preference regime and the increased competition from Latin American bananas have made economic diversification increasingly important in Saint Lucia. The island nation has been able to attract foreign business and investment, especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries. Tourism is the main source of foreign exchange, with more than 700,000 arrivals in 2005. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean area, and the government is trying to revitalize the banana industry. Economic fundamentals remain solid, even though unemployment needs to be cut.

Gdp purchasing power parity

$1.179 billion (2006 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate

$825 million (2005)

Gdp real growth rate

5.1% (2005 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp

$4,800 (2005 est.)

Gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 5%
industry: 15%
services: 80% (2005 est.)

Labor force

43,800 (2001 est.)

Labor force by occupation

agriculture: 21.7%
industry: 24.7%
services: 53.6% (2002 est.)

Unemployment rate

20% (2003 est.)

Population below poverty line


Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate consumer prices

2.9% (2005 est.)


revenues: $141.2 million
expenditures: $146.7 million; including capital expenditures of $25.1 million (2000 est.)

Agriculture products

bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus, root crops, cocoa


clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, tourism; lime processing, coconut processing

Industrial production growth rate

-8.9% (1997 est.)

Electricity production

290 million kWh (2004)

Electricity consumption

269.7 million kWh (2004)

Electricity exports

0 kWh (2004)

Electricity imports

0 kWh (2004)

Oil production

0 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil consumption

2,800 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil exports

NA bbl/day

Oil imports

NA bbl/day

Oil proved reserves

0 bbl

Natural gas production

0 cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas consumption

0 cu m (2004 est.)


$82 million (2004 est.)

Exports commodities

bananas 41%, clothing, cocoa, vegetables, fruits, coconut oil

Exports partners

France 69.1%, US 10.1%, UK 8.7% (2006)


$410 million (2004 est.)

Imports commodities

food 23%, manufactured goods 21%, machinery and transportation equipment 19%, chemicals, fuels

Imports partners

US 19.9%, Trinidad and Tobago 14.1%, Italy 11.6%, France 11.1%, UK 6.5%, Argentina 6.4%, Netherlands 5.5%, Venezuela 5.1% (2006)

Debt external

$257 million (2004)

Economic aid recipient

$21.5 million (2004)

Currency code

East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

Exchange rates

East Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003), 2.7 (2002)

Communications - Saint Lucia:

Fiscal year

1 April - 31 March

Telephones main lines in use

51,100 (2002)

Telephones mobile cellular

105,700 (2005)

Telephone system

general assessment: adequate system
domestic: system is automatically switched
international: country code - 1-758; direct microwave radio relay link with Martinique and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; tropospheric scatter to Barbados; international calls beyond these countries are carried by Intelsat from Martinique

Radio broadcast stations

AM 2, FM 7, shortwave 0 (2003)

Television broadcast stations

2 (1 commercial broadcast station and 1 community antenna television or CATV channel) (2003)

Internet country code


Internet hosts

21 (2006)

Internet users

55,000 (2004)

Transportation - Saint Lucia:


2 (2006)

Airports with paved runways

total: 2
2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2006)


total: 910 km
paved: 48 km
unpaved: 862 km (2000)

Ports and terminals

Castries, Cul-de-Sac, Vieux-Fort

Military - Saint Lucia:

Military branches

no regular military forces; Royal Saint Lucia Police Force (includes Special Service Unit, Coast Guard) (2007)

Manpower available for military service

males age 18-49: 42,742 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military service

males age 18-49: 33,539 (2005 est.)

Manpower reaching military service age annually

males age 18-49: 1,651 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures percent of gdp


Disputes international

joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuelas claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea

This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>

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