Malta

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Introduction - Malta:
CountryMalta
BackgroundGreat Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004.
Location - Malta:
LocationSouthern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)
Geographic coordinates35 50 N, 14 35 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 316 sq km
land: 316 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area comparativeslightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline196.8 km (does not include 56.01 km for the island of Gozo)
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
ClimateMediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers
Terrainmostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Elevation extremeslowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: TaDmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)
Natural resourceslimestone, salt, arable land
Land usearable land: 31.25%
permanent crops: 3.13%
other: 65.62% (2005)
Irrigated land20 sq km (2003)
Natural hazardsNA
Environment current issuesvery limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination
Environment international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography notethe country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
People - Malta:
Population401,880 (July 2007 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.7% (male 34,559/female 32,707)
15-64 years: 69.5% (male 141,265/female 137,951)
65 years and over: 13.8% (male 23,802/female 31,596) (2007 est.)
Median agetotal: 39 years
male: 37.6 years
female: 40.4 years (2007 est.)
Population growth rate0.413% (2007 est.)
Birth rate10.28 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Death rate8.19 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Net migration rate2.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.057 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.024 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.753 male(s)/female
total population: 0.987 male(s)/female (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.82 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.29 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.32 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.15 years
male: 76.95 years
female: 81.47 years (2007 est.)
Total fertility rate1.51 children born/woman (2007 est.)
Hiv aids adult prevalence rate0.2% (2001 est.)
Hiv aids people living with hiv aidsless than 500 (2003 est.)
Hiv aids deathsless than 100 (2003 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Maltese (singular and plural)
adjective: Maltese
Ethnic groupsMaltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 98%
LanguagesMaltese (official), English (official)
Literacydefinition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 92.8%
male: 92%
female: 93.6% (2003 est.)
Government - Malta:
Country nameconventional long form: Republic of Malta
conventional short form: Malta
local long form: Repubblika ta Malta
local short form: Malta
Government typerepublic
Capitalname: Valletta
geographic coordinates: 35 53 N, 14 30 E
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisionsnone (administered directly from Valletta); note - local councils carry out administrative orders
Independence21 September 1964 (from UK)
National holidayIndependence Day, 21 September (1964)
Constitution1964 constitution; amended many times
Legal systembased on English common law and Roman civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations
Suffrage18 years of age; universal
Executive branchchief of state: President Edward FENECH ADAMI (since 4 April 2004)
head of government: Prime Minister Lawrence GONZI (since 23 March 2004)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
elections: president elected by the House of Representatives for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held 29 March 2004 (next to be held by April 2009); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president for a five-year term; the deputy prime minister is appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
election results: Eddie FENECH ADAMI elected president; House of Representatives vote - 33 out of 65 votes
Legislative branchunicameral House of Representatives (usually 65 seats; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms; note - additional seats are given to the party with the largest popular vote to ensure a legislative majority)
elections: last held 12 April 2003 (next to be held by August 2008)
election results: percent of vote by party - PN 51.8%, MLP 47.5%, AD 0.7%; seats by party - PN 34, MLP 31
Judicial branchConstitutional Court; Court of Appeal; judges for both courts are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Political parties and leadersAlternativa Demokratika/Alliance for Social Justice or AD [Harry VASSALLO]; Malta Labor Party or MLP [Alfred SANT]; Nationalist Party or PN [Lawrence GONZI]
Political pressure groups and leadersNA
International organization participationAustralia Group, C, CE, CPLP (associate), EBRD, EIB, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NSG, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, Union Latina (observer), UNWTO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic representation in the uschief of mission: Ambassador John LOWELL
chancery: 2017 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
telephone: [1] (202) 462-3611, 3612
FAX: [1] (202) 387-5470
consulate(s): New York
Diplomatic representation from the uschief of mission: Ambassador Mark Miceli FARRUGUIA
embassy: 3rd Floor, Development House, Saint Anne Street, Floriana, VLT 01
mailing address: P. O. Box 535, Valletta, CMR01
telephone: [356] 2561 4000
FAX: [356] 21 243229
Flag descriptiontwo equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red
Economy - Malta:
Economy overviewMajor resources are limestone, a favorable geographic location, and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited fresh water supplies, and has few domestic energy sources. The economy is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing (especially electronics and pharmaceuticals), and tourism. Continued sluggishness in the European economy is holding back exports, tourism, and overall growth.
Gdp purchasing power parity $8.411 billion (2006 est.)
Gdp official exchange rate $5.447 billion (2006 est.)
Gdp real growth rate2.4% (2006 est.)
Gdp per capita ppp $21,000 (2006 est.)
Gdp composition by sectoragriculture: 3%
industry: 23%
services: 74% (2003 est.)
Labor force164,000 (2006 est.)
Labor force by occupationagriculture: 3%
industry: 22%
services: 75% (2005 est.)
Unemployment rate6.8% (2005 est.)
Population below poverty lineNA%
Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate consumer prices 2.6% (2006 est.)
Investment gross fixed 25.1% of GDP (2006 est.)
Budgetrevenues: $2.503 billion
expenditures: $2.703 billion; including capital expenditures of $NA (2006 est.)
Agriculture productspotatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers; pork, milk, poultry, eggs
Industriestourism, electronics, ship building and repair, construction, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, footwear, clothing, tobacco
Industrial production growth rateNA%
Electricity production2.291 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity consumption2.13 billion kWh (2004)
Electricity exports0 kWh (2004)
Electricity imports0 kWh (2004)
Oil production0 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil consumption19,000 bbl/day (2004 est.)
Oil exportsNA bbl/day
Oil importsNA bbl/day
Oil proved reserves0 bbl
Natural gas production0 cu m (2004 est.)
Natural gas consumption0 cu m (2004 est.)
Current account balance-$966.2 million (2006 est.)
Exports$2.425 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Exports commoditiesmachinery and transport equipment, manufactures
Exports partnersFrance 15.3%, Singapore 13.2%, US 13%, Germany 12.5%, UK 9.5%, Japan 4.9%, Hong Kong 4.2% (2006)
Imports$4.077 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.)
Imports commoditiesmachinery and transport equipment, manufactured and semi-manufactured goods; food, drink, tobacco
Imports partnersItaly 28%, UK 10.5%, France 8.7%, Germany 7.6%, Singapore 6.8%, US 5.6% (2006)
Reserves of foreign exchange and gold$3.065 billion (2006 est.)
Debt external$188.8 million (2005)
Economic aid recipient$NA
Currency code Maltese lira (MTL)
Exchange ratesMaltese liri per US dollar - 0.37 (2006), 0.34578 (2005), 0.34466 (2004), 0.37723 (2003), 0.43362 (2002)
Communications - Malta:
Fiscal yearcalendar year
Telephones main lines in use202,300 (2006)
Telephones mobile cellular346,800 (2006)
Telephone systemgeneral assessment: automatic system satisfies normal requirements
domestic: submarine cable and microwave radio relay between islands
international: country code - 356; 2 submarine cables; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stationsAM 1, FM 18, shortwave 6 (1999)
Television broadcast stations5 (2006)
Internet country code.mt
Internet hosts14,025 (2006)
Internet users127,200 (2005)
Transportation - Malta:
Airports1 (2006)
Airports with paved runwaystotal: 1
over 3,047 m: 1 (2006)
Roadwaystotal: 2,227 km
paved: 2,014 km
unpaved: 213 km (2004)
Merchant marinetotal: 1,220 ships (1000 GRT or over) 23,917,414 GRT/38,685,924 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 434, cargo 344, chemical tanker 105, combination ore/oil 1, container 59, liquefied gas 7, livestock carrier 1, passenger 15, passenger/cargo 14, petroleum tanker 146, refrigerated cargo 43, roll on/roll off 33, specialized tanker 2, vehicle carrier 16
foreign-owned: 1,162 (Austria 1, Azerbaijan 2, Bangladesh 3, Belgium 10, Bulgaria 13, Canada 18, China 14, Croatia 10, Cyprus 15, Denmark 6, Estonia 4, France 6, Germany 64, Greece 495, Hong Kong 2, Iceland 4, India 1, Iran 14, Israel 23, Italy 29, Japan 1, South Korea 6, Latvia 40, Lebanon 10, Monaco 1, Netherlands 6, Norway 49, Pakistan 1, Poland 27, Portugal 3, Romania 9, Russia 70, Slovenia 3, Spain 6, Sweden 3, Switzerland 21, Syria 7, Taiwan 2, Turkey 123, UAE 5, UK 8, Ukraine 24, US 3)
registered in other countries: 8 (Panama 3, Portugal 1, Russia 4) (2006)
Ports and terminalsMarsaxlokk, Valletta
Military - Malta:
Military branchesArmed Forces of Malta (AFM; includes air and maritime elements) (2005)
Military service age and obligation18 years of age for voluntary military service; no conscription (2001)
Manpower available for military servicemales age 18-49: 90,651
females age 18-49: 87,047 (2005 est.)
Manpower fit for military servicemales age 18-49: 74,525
females age 18-49: 71,333 (2005 est.)
Military expenditures percent of gdp0.7% (2006 est.)
Disputes internationalnone
This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>


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