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Saint Kitts and Nevis

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Introduction - Saint Kitts and Nevis:
CountrySaint Kitts and Nevis

BackgroundFirst settled by the British in 1623, the islands became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to try and separate from Saint Kitts.

Location - Saint Kitts and Nevis:
LocationCaribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates17 20 N, 62 45 W

Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean

Areatotal: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)
land: 261 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area comparative1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries0 km

Coastline135 km

Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin

Climatetropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Terrainvolcanic with mountainous interiors

Elevation extremeslowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m

Natural resourcesarable land

Land usearable land: 19.44%
permanent crops: 2.78%
other: 77.78% (2005)

Irrigated landNA

Natural hazardshurricanes (July to October)

Environment current issuesNA

Environment international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography notewith coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a three-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island

People - Saint Kitts and Nevis:
Population39,349 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure0-14 years: 27.2% (male 5,472/female 5,218)
15-64 years: 64.9% (male 12,779/female 12,752)
65 years and over: 7.9% (male 1,300/female 1,828) (2007 est.)

Median agetotal: 28.1 years
male: 27.4 years
female: 28.8 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate0.623% (2007 est.)

Birth rate17.89 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate8.16 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate-3.51 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.049 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.002 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.711 male(s)/female
total population: 0.988 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

Infant mortality ratetotal: 13.74 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 15.44 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 11.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.66 years
male: 69.81 years
female: 75.69 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate2.29 children born/woman (2007 est.)

Hiv aids adult prevalence rateNA

Hiv aids people living with hiv aidsNA

Hiv aids deathsNA

Nationalitynoun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)
adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian

Ethnic groupspredominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese

ReligionsAnglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic


Literacydefinition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 97.8%
male: NA%
female: NA% (2003 est.)

Government - Saint Kitts and Nevis:
Country nameconventional long form: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
conventional short form: Saint Kitts and Nevis
former: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis

Government typeparliamentary democracy

Capitalname: Basseterre
geographic coordinates: 17 18 N, 62 43 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint George Basseterre, Saint George Gingerland, Saint James Windward, Saint John Capesterre, Saint John Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre, Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto Point

Independence19 September 1983 (from UK)

National holidayIndependence Day, 19 September (1983)

Constitution19 September 1983

Legal systembased on English common law

Suffrage18 years of age; universal

Executive branchchief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cuthbert Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1 January 1996)
head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July 1995); Deputy Prime Minister Sam CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general in consultation with the prime minister
elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; the governor general is appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by the governor general

Legislative branchunicameral National Assembly (14 seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly elected from single-member constituencies; members serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 25 October 2004 (next to be held by 2009)
election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - SKNLP 7, CCM 2, NRP 1, PAM 1

Judicial branchEastern Caribbean Supreme Court (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of the Supreme Court resides in Saint Kitts and Nevis)

Political parties and leadersConcerned Citizens Movement or CCM [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY]; Peoples Action Movement or PAM [Lindsay GRANT]; Saint Kitts and Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS]

Political pressure groups and leadersNA

International organization participationACP, C, Caricom, CDB, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the uschief of mission: Ambassador Dr. Izben Cordinal WILLIAMS
chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016
telephone: [1] (202) 686-2636
FAX: [1] (202) 686-5740
consulate(s) general: New York

Diplomatic representation from the usthe US does not have an embassy in Saint Kitts and Nevis; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Kitts and Nevis

Flag descriptiondivided diagonally from the lower hoist side by a broad black band bearing two white, five-pointed stars; the black band is edged in yellow; the upper triangle is green, the lower triangle is red

Economy - Saint Kitts and Nevis:
Economy overviewSugar was the traditional mainstay of the Saint Kitts economy until the 1970s. The government closed the sugar industry following the 2005 harvest after decades of losses at the state-run sugar company. To compensate, the government has embarked on a program to diversify the agricultural sector and to stimulate other sectors of the economy. Activities such as tourism, export-oriented manufacturing, and offshore banking have assumed larger roles in the economy. Tourism revenues are now the chief source of the islands foreign exchange; about 341,800 tourists visited Nevis in 2005. Additional tourist facilities, including a second cruise ship pier, hotels, and golf courses are under construction.

Gdp purchasing power parity $726 million (2006 est.)

Gdp official exchange rate $453 million (2005)

Gdp real growth rate4.9% (2005 est.)

Gdp per capita ppp $8,200 (2005 est.)

Gdp composition by sectoragriculture: 3.5%
industry: 25.8%
services: 70.7% (2001)

Labor force18,170 (June 1995)

Unemployment rate4.5% (1997)

Population below poverty lineNA%

Household income or consumption by percentage sharelowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%

Inflation rate consumer prices 8.7% (2005 est.)

Budgetrevenues: $89.7 million
expenditures: $128.2 million; including capital expenditures of $19.5 million (2003 est.)

Agriculture productssugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables, bananas; fish

Industriestourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages

Industrial production growth rateNA%

Electricity production125 million kWh (2004)

Electricity consumption116.3 million kWh (2004)

Electricity exports0 kWh (2004)

Electricity imports0 kWh (2004)

Oil production0 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil consumption800 bbl/day (2004 est.)

Oil exportsNA bbl/day

Oil importsNA bbl/day

Oil proved reserves0 bbl

Natural gas production0 cu m (2004 est.)

Natural gas consumption0 cu m (2004 est.)

Exports$70 million (2004 est.)

Exports commoditiesmachinery, food, electronics, beverages, tobacco

Exports partnersUS 64.7%, Canada 9.8%, Netherlands 6.9% (2006)

Imports$405 million (2004 est.)

Imports commoditiesmachinery, manufactures, food, fuels

Imports partnersUS 49.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 13.3%, UK 4.5% (2006)

Debt external$314 million (2004)

Economic aid recipient$NA

Currency code East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

Exchange ratesEast Caribbean dollars per US dollar - 2.7 (2006), 2.7 (2005), 2.7 (2004), 2.7 (2003), 2.7 (2002)

Communications - Saint Kitts and Nevis:
Fiscal yearcalendar year

Telephones main lines in use25,000 (2004)

Telephones mobile cellular10,000 (2004)

Telephone systemgeneral assessment: good inter-island and international connections
domestic: inter-island links via Eastern Caribbean Fiber Optic cable; construction of enhanced wireless infrastructure launched in November 2004
international: country code - 1-869; international calls are carried by submarine cable or Intelsat

Radio broadcast stationsAM 3, FM 3, shortwave 0 (2003)

Television broadcast stations1 (plus 3 repeaters) (2003)

Internet country code.kn

Internet hosts50 (2006)

Internet users10,000 (2002)

Transportation - Saint Kitts and Nevis:
Airports2 (2006)

Airports with paved runwaystotal: 2
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2006)

Railwaystotal: 50 km
narrow gauge: 50 km 0.762-m gauge on Saint Kitts for tourists (2006)

Roadwaystotal: 320 km
paved: 138 km
unpaved: 182 km (1999 est)

Merchant marinetotal: 50 ships (1000 GRT or over) 261,556 GRT/381,593 DWT
by type: bulk carrier 1, cargo 36, chemical tanker 5, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 5, refrigerated cargo 1
foreign-owned: 41 (Greece 1, Monaco 1, Russia 5, Spain 2, Syria 3, Tanzania 1, Turkey 6, UAE 19, Ukraine 3) (2006)

Ports and terminalsBasseterre, Charlestown

Military - Saint Kitts and Nevis:
Military branchesSaint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force (includes Coast Guard), Royal Saint Kitts and Nevis Police Force

Military service age and obligation18 years of age (est.) (2004)

Manpower available for military servicemales age 18-49: 9,196
females age 18-49: 9,236 (2005 est.)

Manpower fit for military servicemales age 18-49: 7,119
females age 18-49: 7,645 (2005 est.)

Manpower reaching military service age annuallymales age 18-49: 357
females age 18-49: 347 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures percent of gdpNA

Disputes internationaljoins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuelas claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UNCLOS, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea

This page was last updated on 16 September, 2007
Source: CIA >>>